Japan has been one of the countries affected by earthquakes the most. The country lies along one of the most active fault lines in the world, named Ring of Fire. The Japanese feel approximately 2,000 earthquakes every year. Thus, Japanese scientists have taken most of the precautions to reduce the damages of the earthquakes and tsunamis.
Japanese scientists started a new project to understand this natural phenomenon and to develop an early warning system. They are planning to drill into the mantle of the earth’s core with a drill ship named Chikyu. They aim to understand why and how the earthquakes are happening. The expected trial drilling will start in Hawaii in September. If this trial drilling is successful, Chikyu will drill the mantle of the earth core in 2030.
The Japanese scientists are also aiming to investigate how earthquake is occurring. According to the results of this study they plan to develop a system that allows early warning.
In Japan, a large portion of the earthquakes occurred in 2011. The earthquake of 9 magnitude, which took place on March 11, 2011 caused great damage to Fukushima. Nearly the entire region became uninhabitable because of the radiation spread from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, which was had a hard damage after the earthquake and tsunami. It is thought that the earthquake and tsunami in 2011 cost the lives of more than 8 thousand people.
After this huge earthquake and tsunami, Japanese government and Japanese scientists start to look for a more sever solution to this problem. They started to study on to improve precautions and develop early warning systems.